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The Power Of Self-Talk – Understanding And Mastering Your Inner Dialogue

Written by: Sasa Evans, Executive Contributor

Executive Contributors at Brainz Magazine are handpicked and invited to contribute because of their knowledge and valuable insight within their area of expertise.


Self-talk is an essential aspect of our day-to-day lives, influencing our emotions, mood, and overall well-being. This inner dialogue can either be destructive or beneficial, depending on the nature of the thoughts and the way we communicate with ourselves. By understanding and mastering self-talk, we can boost our self-confidence, curb negative emotions, and become more motivated and productive. This article explores the concept of self-talk, differentiating between positive and negative self-talk, and provides strategies to help you cultivate a healthier and more productive inner dialogue.

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What is Self-Talk?

Self-talk refers to the continuous stream of thoughts and unspoken words that run through our minds during waking hours. It encompasses our beliefs, thoughts, questions, and ideas, shaping the way we perceive and respond to events in our lives. People who can harness the power of positive self-talk are generally more confident, motivated, and productive.

Positive Self-Talk

Positive self-talk involves supportive and affirming thoughts, fostering a positive attitude and outlook on life. For instance, consider the following inner statements:

  • "I'm going to speak up in the meeting today because I have something important to contribute." This statement reflects a positive mindset and approach.

  • "I don't think I want to speak up in the meeting today because I'll look foolish if I say the wrong thing." In contrast, this statement is negative and self-defeating.

Negative Self-Talk: Rumination

Rumination is the opposite of positive self-talk. It occurs when we repeatedly replay distressing or cringe-worthy thoughts or events in our minds. While thinking through a problem can be useful, excessive rumination can cause small issues to escalate and may lead to anxiety or depression. For example, a negative thought pattern might look like this:

"I look so fat in this dress. I really am fat. Look at those thighs. No wonder I can't get a date. Why can't I lose weight? It's impossible."

The Importance of Language in Self-Talk

Researchers have found that not only the content of our self-talk matters, but also the language we use. One study suggests that when practicing self-talk, it's more effective to refer to oneself in the third person, using "he" or "she," or by using one's name, rather than the first person "I" or "me." This helps create a sense of distance and allows for more objective evaluation of our thoughts and emotions.

Brene Brown, a professor at the University of Houston Graduate College and motivational speaker, refers to the negative voices in her head as her "gremlins." By giving her negative thoughts a name, she's able to distance herself from them and even poke fun at them.

Benefits of Positive Self-Talk

Cultivating positive self-talk offers a range of benefits, including:

  1. Healthier immune system

  2. Reduced pain

  3. Better cardiovascular health

  4. Improved mental health

  5. Enhanced self-esteem

  6. Increased vitality

  7. Greater life satisfaction

  8. Reduced stress

  9. Improved physical well-being

  10. Increased lifespan

While the exact reasons for these benefits are still unclear, some theories propose that a positive outlook helps us cope better with stress and that positive people tend to lead healthier lifestyles.

Identifying Negative Thinking Patterns

Before we can work on developing positive self-talk, it's crucial to recognize and understand the different types of negative thinking patterns. These generally fall into four categories:

  1. Magnifying: Focusing on the worst aspects of a situation while ignoring the positive ones.

  2. Polarizing: Seeing things as either good or bad, with no middle ground.

  3. Catastrophizing: Expecting the worst outcome in every situation.

  4. Personalizing: Blaming oneself when bad things happen.

By identifying these patterns, we can begin to address and correct our negative self-talk.

Strategies for Improving Self-Talk

1. Listen and Learn

Spend a few days paying close attention to your inner dialogues. Identify whether your thoughts are predominantly supportive or critical, and consider if you would be comfortable saying those thoughts aloud to a loved one. Note any recurring themes or negative thoughts.

2. Evaluate Your Thoughts

For each negative thought you've identified, ask yourself the following questions:

  • Am I overreacting? Is this issue truly significant in the long run?

  • Am I overgeneralizing? Is my conclusion based more on opinion or experience than facts?

  • Am I mind reading? Am I assuming others have specific beliefs or feelings without evidence?

  • Am I labelling myself harshly? Do I use words like "stupid," "hopeless," or "fat" to describe myself?

  • Is this an all-or-nothing thought? Am I viewing one incident as either good or bad without considering that reality is rarely black or white?

3. Reframe Your Thoughts

Now that you have a better understanding of your negative thoughts, work on rewording them in a kinder, more positive light. For example:

  • Original thought: "What an idiot! I really screwed up that presentation. Well, that's the end of my career."

  • Alternative: "I can do better than that. I'll prepare and rehearse more next time. Maybe I'll get some public speaking training. That would be good for my career."

4. Practice Mindfulness

Mindfulness, the practice of being fully present and aware of one's thoughts and feelings, can help you become more attuned to your self-talk. Regular mindfulness practice, such as meditation or deep breathing exercises, can help you better recognize and manage your inner dialogue.

5. Seek Professional Help

If you're struggling with persistent negative self-talk and it's affecting your mental health, consider seeking the help of a mental health professional, such as a therapist or counsellor. They can provide guidance and support to help you develop healthier self-talk habits.


Mastering self-talk is a valuable skill that can lead to a better sense of self-worth and overall well-being. By recognizing and addressing negative thinking patterns, practicing mindfulness, and seeking professional help when needed, you can cultivate a healthier and more productive inner dialogue. Remember, banishing your inner critic and adopting positive self-talk is a worthwhile endeavour that has no downside. With time, effort, and persistence, you can transform your self-talk and improve your life.

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Sasa Evans, Executive Contributor Brainz Magazine

Sasa Evans is a holistic mindset and life coach for women who want more confidence and transformation in their lives. Sasa had a very emotionally abusive first marriage which had a damaging effect on her mindset, and it took her a long time to regain her confidence and create a life she desired. She realised that emotional abuse does not leave visible scars and people tend to hide it, even though they are hurting. Her passion is to empower women to take positive steps to rebuild self-confidence with determined passion, unconstrained self-belief, and have absolute joy in their life. She is CEO of Sasa Evans coaching, and an accredited life coach, certified Reiki practitioner and holistic modalities coach.





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